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This chapter describes the performance characteristics
of Cowboy and offers suggestions to get the most
performance out of your application.
=== One process per connection
The first version of Cowboy featured a single process
per connection, whereas the current version of Cowboy
features one process per connection plus one process
per request. This has a negative impact on performance,
but is necessary in order to provide a common interface
for both HTTP/1.1 and HTTP/2 (as well as future HTTP
It is still possible to use a single process per
connection, and avoid the creation of additional
processes for each request, by implementing a
stream handler to process the requests. This can
be done for all requests, or just for a single
endpoint depending on the application's needs.
Stream handlers provide an asynchronous interface
and must not block, so the implementation will
be very different from normal Cowboy handlers,
but the performance gains are important enough
to justify it in some cases.